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Measuring innovation

Cities recognize that innovation is as vital to the urban economy as raw materials. Measuring innovation, which involves surveying artistic creativity and social attitudes, has been used to predicate growth potential. A recent study of some Canadian cities, using the four innovation indexes: the Bohemian (the size of the creative community); the Mosaic (the numbers of foreign-born — an indicator of openness and diversity); the Talent (university-educated numbers); and the TechPole (level of high-tech employment). Vancouver, with almost 10 per 1,000 population in the Bohemian category, led all others, followed by Toronto, Victoria, and Montréal. Toronto, where 42 percent of the population is foreign-born, dominated the Mosaic Index, followed by Vancouver, with just under 35 percent. The Ottawa area leads the Talent Index, with 23 percent of all adults educated at university, followed by Halifax and Toronto, each scoring 20 percent. Montréal dominates the TechPole Index. High-tech workers represent about 37 percent of all employment, largely due to the city’s aerospace industry. Toronto follows at roughly 33, Ottawa- Gatineau at about 17, and Vancouver at about 12.


Measuring innovation Self-running animation, “Innovation indices,” has four images as icons of four measures of urban innovation:
• Bohemian Index — size of creative community
• Mosaic Index — number of foreign-born residents
• Talent Index — number of university-educated
residents • TechPole — level of high-tech employment

Clicking on any one opens a box with a definition and top three cities list.

A menu on the right side has four choices:
• Metro populations 2003
• Metro areas
• Population growth 1996-2001
• Population density

Clicking on those opens a table with statistical data.


On the next page:

Expansion at the edges

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Quiz :

The largest metro area for any Canadian city is 9,419 km2. Where is this?