Canadian Geographic
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INSIDE: Harnessing the waters Go now!

More than 60 percent of Canada’s energy needs are supplied by water power.

Dams in Canada

Canada’s freshwater lakes and rivers cover 755,000 square kilometres, a bountiful 7.6 percent portion of the country. This abundance of water, flowing through an interconnecting network of waterways, has spurred Canada’s development. Water provided the early routes for exploration, transportation, settlement, and trade. It is still put to myriad uses: hydroelectric power, shipping, irrigation, fishing, and recreation. Yet any undue future demand may overextend this resource. Many worry our water-rich land may one day export some of its supply to the United States. An overview of Canada’s water already reveals a resource unevenly distributed and under threat. Whether a given region has an abundance or shortage of water is due in part to variations in precipitation. The rainy Pacific Coast enjoys a copious flow of water to the sea, while parched prairie drylands struggle with water deficits. These disparities aside, the pressure from industry and shipping along the Great Lakes and elsewhere pose ever-present pollution concerns.


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Quiz :

Canada's freshwater lakes and rivers cover what portion of the country?