Uprooting and relocation
More than a million Canadians move every year, mostly within their immediate environs.
Roughly one in five relocates to larger centres in other provinces, prompted by economic considerations. Migrants may leave remote or rural communities because they lack jobs or services. Between 1954 and 1972, Newfoundland uprooted 27,000 people from outports in a bid to deliver better health care and education.
In recent years, there has been an outflow from farms and resource-based communities. During the 1977–81 oil boom, Alberta was the top destination for Canadians from other provinces. When the oil boom dissipated in the 1980s, Alberta was replaced as the choice location by Ontario and, then, by British Columbia in the early 1990s. The chart shows the inward and outward flow of interprovincial migration from 1996 to 2001, with Ontario and Alberta again on top.
In the centre of the Web page is a horizontal bar chart showing net internal migrants by provice from 1996–2001. The viewer can click on any province’s or territory’s abbreviation to see details about it.