Canadian Geographic
Left navigation image
Pacific and Mountains


Regulating logging
British Columbia’s forests cover 60 million hectares — 64 percent of the province’s land area. The coastal forests nourish 60-m-high Douglas firs and century-old western hemlocks. But interior B.C., with a diverse range of softwood trees, is the most timber-productive region. Coastal forests provide 32 percent of the timber harvest; the interior forest, 68 percent. In the 1980s, the B.C. forestry industry came under criticism for its clear-cutting of old-growth forest and its damaging logging practices. In response to the outcry of environmentalists, the B.C. government, owner of 95 percent of the forests, imposed regulations on logging. About 36 million hectares are now protected in parks or can never be touched; the remainder is open to logging. The B.C. forestry industry itself has improved its production, cutting, and reforestation practices. The annual cut of 190,000 ha represents a third of 1 percent of B.C.’s forest lands. B.C. produces most of Canada’s plywood, half its softwood lumber, 15 percent of both its newsprint and its paper and paperboard. In 2004, the value of B.C. forest products exported abroad reached $15.0 billion.


Farming A map of Canada highlights the Pacific and Western Mountains region, then recedes, to be replaced by a more detailed image of the region. On the right side is a menu:
Value of B.C. catches
Farm cash receipts
B.C. timber harvest by species
B.C. forest product destinations

Clicking on any of them opens a text box with statistics.


On the next page:

The new tourism

Go now!  Go now!
Quiz :

How much rain do parts of the Pacific coast receive?

2,500 mm
5,000 mm
900 mm