Canadian Geographic
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Pacific and Mountains


Prodigious output
Only 3 percent of British Columbia is suitable for farming. Most activity occurs in the lower Fraser River and Okanagan valleys, where much of the farmland, often ideal for fruit-growing, has been lost to urban sprawl. B.C. produces 5 percent of Canada’s agricultural output by value. Some of this output, unique to this region, is prodigious. B.C. produces 18.4 kg of berries, kiwifruit, and grapes for every resident. The agricultural sector has introduced specialities such as ginseng and greenhouse peppers. The lower Fraser River valley has almost half of B.C.’s farms and generates over half of B.C.’s farm revenue of $1.8 billion. Dairy products, vegetables, berries, floriculture, and nursery products are its top commodities. The Okanagan Valley, second in output and revenue, is renowned as a top fruit-growing area. Ranching is centred in the Cariboo, Thompson-Nicola, and Kootenay regions.

In the Okanagan Valley, a hot, dry, sunny climate and fertile, well-irrigated soil create bountiful crops. The valley’s northern sector produces dairy products and vegetables, while orchards in the dry southern sector grow more than 95 percent of B.C.’s fruit-tree output. Valley vineyards supply all the premium wine grapes in the province.


Farming A map of Canada highlights the Pacific and Western Mountains region, then recedes, to be replaced by a more detailed image of the region. On the right side is a menu:
Value of B.C. catches
Farm cash receipts
B.C. timber harvest by species
B.C. forest product destinations

Clicking on any of them opens a text box with statistics.


On the next page:


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Quiz :

To which country does Canada export most of its British Columbia newsprint?