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Future of forestry


The signatories of the Canadian Boreal Forest Agreement (CBFA) subscribe to six goals:

  • Sustainable forests
  • Expanding protected areas
  • Recovery of species at risk
  • Reducing greenhouse-gas emissions
  • Improving prosperity
  • Recognizing environmental performance

Sustainable forests
The Agreement aims to implement world-leading, “on-the-ground” sustainable-forest-management practices best reflecting ecosystem-based conducts. It also aims to implement active adaptive management and third-party verification. This will all be achieved by expanding on the three major certification programs managed by the Canadian Standards Association, the Forest Stewardship Council and the Sustainable Forestry Initiative.

Expanding protected areas
Signatories agree that Canada should be a world leader in the conservation and protection of boreal biodiversity. They will work with governments, First Nations, communities and stakeholders to accelerate the completion of a protected-areas network across Canada’s boreal region. This network will represent the diversity of the region’s ecosystems and provide ecological benchmarks.

Recovery of species at risk
The Agreement commits signatories to develop and accelerate the implementation of plans to protect species at risk in the boreal forest, particularly the boreal population of woodland caribou. Signatories agree on the need to quickly identify critical habitat for species at risk and to take appropriate measures in relation to that habitat to achieve recovery.

Reducing greenhouse-gas emissions
This demands action on climate change relating to forest conservation and to the full product life cycle, from forest to end product. The goal is to apply climate-friendly practices and policies as well as good forest management to all forest products. This includes determining sustainable harvest levels and maintaining ecological functions and values.

Improving prosperity
Signatories are committed to working with governments, First Nations and others to improve the prosperity of the Canadian forest industry and the communities that depend on it. This goal recognizes the 2.5 million people living in Canada’s boreal region, many of whom depend on forestry for their livelihoods. This aspect of the Agreement is unique in that it commits environmental organizations to a new role of supporting the industry for mutual benefit of the environment and society.

Recognizing environmental performance
Signatories commit to work together to achieve recognition for the environmental performance of participating companies. This goal acknowledges the environmental organizations’ success in galvanizing public support for boreal forest protection and sets out the framework for a new collaborative relationship relating to the activities laid out in the Agreement.


This piece explains the Canadian Boreal Forest Agreement, and allows users to select to learn more about each of the six major goals involved in the Agreement.


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Quiz :

What was the 'title' given to successful forestry entrepreneurs in the 1900s?

Lumber baron
Timber lord