Canadian Geographic
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Fur trade

1686 - 1696

To eject English competitors De Troyes captured the James Bay posts in 1686; they remained in French hands until 1693. To the south a French expedition, led by Denonville and supported by native allies, destroyed the Seneca villages (1687). The Iroquois league retaliated two years later with devastating raids on the St Lawrence settlements. The Lake Ontario forts, all unsafe and difficult to supply, were abandoned in 1689. Embittered by English aid to the Iroquois, the French and native allies launched attacks on Schenectady and two New England settlements in 1690. In retaliation an Anglo-American force led by Phipps made an ineffectual assault on Québec in 1690 and Albany militia aided by Mohawk and Mahican allies engaged French troops south of Montréal in 1691. In 1693 French troops destroyed the Mohawk villages and finally, in 1697, those of the Onondaga and Oneida. Abandoned by the English, who had ended the war with France in 1697, the Iroquois treated for peace.

With the western and northern interior at peace and the English temporarily excluded from James Bay, furs flooded into Montréal.


This animated map shows the routes taken by French explorers during different periods from 1603 to 1751. Buttons below the map can be used to select one of 4 time periods, or view all at once. The user can explore portions of the map by clicking to zoom in and out, and dragging to pan around it.


On the next page:

1697 - 1739

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Quiz :

Who were important competitors as Hudson's Bay Company moved into the Cordillera?

Americans and Russians
French and Spanish