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First Peoples

Plateau


Fishing and foraging were mainstays of the Carrier, Lillooet, Okanagan, Shuswap, and other small tribes living between the Coast and Rocky mountains. They had great diversity of dress, religious beliefs, and language. They spoke dialects of four major language groups. Most wintered in semi-underground dwellings they entered through the roof; in summer they built bulrush-covered wooden lodges. The Columbia and Fraser rivers were their travel and trade routes and source of fish. Other foods were berries, wild vegetables and game. The Plateau people fashioned canoes from the area’s pine and cottonwood, and traded copper, jadeite, and herbs to the coast Indians for otter pelts, oolichan oil and decorative baskets.

Synopsis

Six major cultural groups The animation starts with a map of Canada. Following the narration, the six regions corresponding to the six First Peoples’ cultural groups are each labelled and shown in their individual colours. Clicking on a region focuses on that region, and narration provides more specific information about the Aboriginal people living there.

Content (Narration)

Canada’s First Peoples can be divided into six major cultural regions: the Arctic; Subarctic; Pacific North-west Coast; Plateau; Plains; and Eastern Woodlands. Click on a cultural grouping to learn more.

Plateau
Fishing and foraging were mainstays of the small tribes living between the Coast and Rocky mountains. There was great diversity of dress, religious beliefs, and language. The Plateau people fashioned canoes from the area’s pine and cottonwood trees. They also traded copper, jadeite, and herbs to the coast Indians for otter pelts, oolichan oil and decorative baskets.



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Plains


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Quiz :

Who do experts consider as Canada's possible earliest arrivals?

Northeast Asians and Europeans
Northeast Asians, Europeans, Polynesians
Northeast Asians only