Canadian Geographic
Left navigation image
Connecting Canada


Goods transported along Canada’s navigable waterways are generally bulk commodities of relatively low value per tonne, such as coal, ore, grain, and salt. Water transportation may be separated into three areas: ocean, inland water, and coastal transportation.
Ocean transportation is vitally important to Canada, as about one-third of what Canada produces is exported. Much of this export traffic is carried overseas in containers by large, oceangoing vessels. Almost one-third of these exports move through Vancouver, the largest port in Canada. The Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence Seaway provide inland water transportation of grain, coal, and iron ore to and from the heartland of Canada on vessels called lakers. Coastal water transportation is important on the West Coast, where logs, lumber, chemicals, and other bulk commodities are moved by barge in British Columbia’s coastal waters.


Transportation networks The animation begins with a blank map of Canada. Black dots appear, showing major cities. Then blue lines appear to indicate rail cargo lines, followed by red lines showing roads. Yellow squares indicate the busiest airports, and black symbols show container ports.


On the next page:


Go now!  Go now!
Quiz :

About how many airports are there across Canada?