Canadian Geographic
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Geography of coins


The Royal Canadian Mint is primarily responsible for producing, managing and distributing Canada’s circulation coinage, the coins we use every day to buy groceries, feed the parking meter or get a drink from the vending machine.

The Mint’s circulation coinage activities are centred in the Winnipeg facility. Opened in 1976, this high-volume manufacturing operation produces alloy and multi-ply plated steel circulation coins and blanks for Canada and other countries. “High volume” is no exaggeration: Winnipeg can produce up to 20 million circulation coins each day.

Canadian circulation coins come in denominations of 1 cent, 5 cents, 10 cents, 25 cents, 50 cents, 1 dollar and 2 dollars. An effigy of the reigning British monarch has appeared on every Canadian coin produced by the Mint since its first striking in 1908, but the designs on the reverse side of the coins have reflected Canada’s evolving culture and our shared achievements. Circulation coins, for example, have celebrated the centennial of the Canadian Football League’s Saskatchewan Roughriders and have been used to promote breast-cancer awareness.


On the next page:

Circulation coins

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Quiz :

Which international event did the Mint commemorate in 2010?

Vancouver Winter Olympics
The Queen's diamond Jubliee
Canada's 145th birthday