Canadian Geographic
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Canada 2050


Seven percent of Canada’s land area — roughly 680,000 square kilometres — is used for agriculture. Dominating this sector are several trends: a shift toward more diverse crop outputs, a decline in the number of farms, and rural depopulation. Sustainability questions: How have Canada’s various agricultural regions responded to these trends? Will technology and new agricultural methods change the farms of the future?
Click to learn about farming in the Pacific and Western Mountains, Central Plains, Mixedwood Plains and Atlantic Regions. Then explore rural issues in Where we live and Canada 2050.

Overfishing — the result of escalating world and domestic demand — reduced Atlantic and Pacific species. Canada’s fisheries remain in constant flux —sometimes for the worse, sometimes for the better. From 1990 to 2001, the tonnage of fish caught in all fisheries fell 37 percent, while the value of the catch rose by 43 percent.
Sustainability questions: Will there be future declines in fishing stocks? How can such a scenario be avoided?
Click to learn about fisheries in the Pacific and Western Mountains and Atlantic Regions and explore Canada 2050.

Canada’s forests cover 4.2 million square kilometres — 45 percent of the land area — and shelter two-thirds of the country’s bird and animal species. In 2001, the timber-productive forests consisted of 2.45 million square kilometres. About a million hectares — only 0.4 percent of this area — is harvested annually. Since 1978, Canada’s forest-product exports have increased almost fourfold, reaching $33.7 billion in 2002.
Sustainability questions: Will the profitable harvesting of Canada’s productive forests destroy or seriously disrupt wildlife habitats? What steps are being taken to ensure Canada’s forests remain sustainable?
Click to explore forestry in the Pacific and Western Mountains, Boreal and Atlantic Regions.

Canada is a leading producer of potash, uranium, zinc, nickel, copper, platinum, cobalt, silver, and gold. Diamond production in the Far North is the latest Canadian mining success story. Output from new discoveries at Voiseys Bay in Labrador may some day rival those of the mineral-rich Sudbury region.
Sustainability questions: What have been the social and environmental consequences for mine-dependent communities when deposits run out or cease to be profitable? Will future technology disclose new extraction venues?
Click to discover more in the Arctic and Taiga, Central Plains and Boreal Regions.


Canadian industry At the centre of the page is map of Canada that is covered by a table entitled "Canadian industry at the millennium." The table lists statistics on industrial output. Clicking on text at the bottom reveals further text boxes with more statistical information.


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Quiz :

What is the area of Canada?

Almost 10 million km2
Almost 25 million km2
Almost 2.5 million km2