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Welcome to The Canadian Atlas Online (CAOL) Learning Centre. With the terrific learning resources available here, you can make geography and history come alive in your classroom like never before! Our lesson plans and classroom activities are available to download in several formats to help both teachers and students engage more fully with this site’s content. Teacher-members of the Canadian Council for Geographic Education have prepared these free resources that meet curriculum learning objectives based on the topics featured throughout the CAOL.

You may select the resources by province, grade level, and topic. Alternatively, you can simply view all available lesson plans.

To view all available lesson plans click here.

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A Soldier’s Account of the War of 1812

After exploring the history of the War of 1812, students will create a diary expressing the views of a British soldier in the war.


The War of 1812: Who Won the War?

Students will learn about the causes, course and consequences of the War of 1812. The causes section will help students understand the geographical location and importance of Upper Canada to the Americans and British, the spark which led to the declaration of war and the role of the First Nations before the war. The course section will focus on the stories of key individuals (British, American, First Nations) and the lack of any decisive military victory. The consequences section will show how very little changed for all sides as is evident in the peace treaty in Ghent in 1814.


Exploring the War of 1812 through Song

In this activity students will explore the War of 1812 by considering multiple perspectives. They will view three divergent music videos and create a music video of their own using the Canadian lyrics from a song entitled ‘The War of 1812’.


The 104th (New Brunswick) Regiment of Foot

In this lesson, students will examine the historical impact of the War of 1812 on New Brunswick. They will investigate how the 104th (New Brunswick) Regiment of Foot contributed to the war. They will identify geographical locations where the regiment fought as well as hardships they encountered. Knowledge of battle engagements and the daily life of these men should reinforce empathy for “real” people. This will also lead to an understanding of the war’s impact on New Brunswick.


The Royal Newfoundland Regiment and the War of 1812

Students will examine the role played by the Royal Newfoundland Regiment (RNR) (known earlier as the Royal Newfoundland Regiment of Fencible Infantry) in the War of 1812. Students will study geographical locations of battle sites where the RNR was involved during this period. After an examination of the lifestyle of these 19th century soldiers, students will draw conclusions about why men would leave their homeland to fight. Knowledge about battle engagements and the daily life of these men should reinforce empathy and allow comparisons with more recent soldiers of the Royal Newfoundland Regiment.


Privateers in the War of 1812

This lesson will focus on the role of Nova Scotia’s privateers during the War of 1812. Students will conduct research about privateers and then complete a journal assignment. They will write from the perspective of a captain or sailor on a privateering vessel. The entries should describe a series of events including leaving port, engaging a vessel from the United States of America, the conflict and returning to port with the captured ship and its cargo.


The Leadership role of Chief Tecumseh in the Defence of Upper Canada

Leadership is an important quality during wartime. What makes a leader? Chief Tecumseh played an important part in the defence of Upper Canada in the early stages of the war. In this lesson, students will examine his leadership qualities and the details of his life.


The Role of Women in the War of 1812: Laura Secord

In this lesson, students will investigate the role of Laura Secord in the War of 1812. They will explore the vital roles women played on the battlefields and assess the ways in which female participants have been compensated and remembered.


Forts of the War of 1812

Students will learn the advantages and disadvantages of the geographic locations of forts in the War of 1812. They will research military engagements that occurred at those locations. Students will discuss the effects of the particular location and environment on the results of the battles.


The War of 1812: Fortress Prince Edward Island

In this lesson, student groups investigate different forts. From their research they will generate a description and a list of items that the students want to include in a fictional ‘Fortress PEI’. Next, they will design a fort by creating a ‘blueprint’ of their group’s fort. They will choose a site and design a fort to be built on Prince Edward Island. The students will then compare and contrast their forts.


The War of 1812 - victory or defeat?

This learning and evaluation situation (LES) focuses on the War of 1812, its impacts and development. This LES reflects the social reality, claims and struggles in the British colony. It puts the various military campaigns of the War of 1812 into perspective, particularly that of the Americans in Lower Canada (Québec). Moreover, students use this LES to gather information about the campaign, while learning about the underlying geographic and military dynamics. Furthermore, this lesson covers the results and consequences of the war on Canadians, Americans and First Nations, who actively participated in this war.


The War of 1812: Shaping Canadian Identity

Students will assume the role of a member of a local historical society that has been asked to approve a list of important historical events for inclusion in an upcoming commemorative series of stamps/coins. Further research must be conducted in order to provide an informed opinion about whether the War of 1812 should be included in the list. Students must determine causes of the war, important people, key locations, impacts of the conflict and how the war has shaped Canadian identity in order to make their recommendation.


Canadian Identity and the War of 1812: How the Map of North America Could Look

In this lesson students will examine the impact of the War of 1812 on Canadian history and on the map of North America. First, they will locate and re-create significant battles in the War of 1812. Next, they will redraw the political boundaries of North America to illustrate how the division of space on this continent would be different if the United States had won the War of 1812.