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Welcome to The Canadian Atlas Online (CAOL) Learning Centre. With the terrific learning resources available here, you can make geography and history come alive in your classroom like never before! Our lesson plans and classroom activities are available to download in several formats to help both teachers and students engage more fully with this site’s content. Teacher-members of the Canadian Council for Geographic Education have prepared these free resources that meet curriculum learning objectives based on the topics featured throughout the CAOL.

You may select the resources by province, grade level, and topic. Alternatively, you can simply view all available lesson plans.

To view all available lesson plans click here.

Atlas themes Teaching level Province/Territory

Submit / Soumettre

Buried Treasure

This lesson asks students to consider the development of offshore oil in Newfoundland and make a presentation of their findings to the class. The lesson will examine the ability of this resource to lead to sustained economic growth.

Extremes of Weather: Understanding natural phenomena influencing continental temperatures.

From facts concerning natural phenomena, students will discover what influences climate. They will also learn about Canada’s climate zones and the movement of air masses from season to season.

Wind Speed and Height: “Why do wind turbines have to be so tall?”

In this lesson, students will investigate the relationship between wind speed and height, through both experiments and quantitative analysis. Students will be able to explain why turbines are built at heights of 50-80 m, rather than being taller or shorter.

Turbulence and How to Avoid It

Wind turbines work best when they are exposed to consistent winds moving with constant speed and direction. Turbulence (“swirling winds”) causes problems. In this lesson, students will investigate turbulence generated by obstacles such as school buildings or trees. Simple analysis and measurements illustrate the concepts of turbulence, and indicate how it can be avoided in site selection for wind turbines.

Wind Energy Generation in Northern Communities

In this lesson, students will critically consider the use of wind energy in the Northwest Territories. The key critical question is: Is wind energy a suitable alternative for your community?

Wind Energy: A Global Comparison

In this lesson, students will critically consider the use of wind energy in Canada as it compares to other countries.

Winds of Change

In this lesson, students will investigate the changes in Nunavut’s energy requirements and the impact of meeting those demands. They will also investigate local concerns about harnessing wind energy.

The Answer Is Blowing In the Wind

In this lesson, students will confront and investigate some common misconceptions about wind energy and devise a way to educate the public about their findings.

Mapping Wind Energy

Wind is the horizontal movement of air across the surface of the Earth. The energy of the wind can be harnessed to create electricity. The stronger the wind, the more energy is potentially available. Students will investigate their schoolyard for the best location for a wind turbine using an anemometer constructed in the classroom and a map of the yard.

Wind Energy Awareness

In this lesson, students will create, administer and analyse a questionnaire to evaluate the public’s knowledge of and attitudes towards wind energy.

Harnessing the Wind’s Energy Potential: Wind Farms on Prince Edward Island

Renewable energy sources such as the wind are becoming more attractive to people and governments. In Canada over the last decade we have seen increased building of wind farms. The question that needs to be answered, ”Is wind energy the best way to promote cheap sustainable energy, keep the environment clean and improve PEI’s economy?” Students will do online research, complete two graphic organizers to answer the above question, and create a map of wind farms on PEI.

Surveying Canada’s Wind Energy Sites

In this lesson, students will look at three sites in Canada that use wind energy to produce electricity. Students will first have to use map skills to identify each location on a map of the country and then they will look at a number of elements – location, size of operation, number of generators or windmills, cost, and number of kilowatts produced. Students will then record all this information in a worksheet. There is an extension activity also available for this exercise.

The Boreal Forest “In the News”

Using various newspaper articles, students will examine the current issues surrounding Canada’s boreal forest and explore the prospects for the forestry industry.

Analysis of Wind Energy Development Impact on the Physical Environment in Quebec: An Information Campaign Using Computer-Assisted Presentations

Raise students' awareness about the impact of wind energy development on the physical environment in Quebec and how this form of energy can influence the landscape and people. Lead students to understand the various positions of different groups on wind energy development in Quebec.

Can wind energy ensure sustainable energy development in Canada?

Students must answer the question: "Can wind energy ensure sustainable energy development in Canada?"

Wind Energy: A Real Alternative?

In this lesson, students will analyze whether wind energy is feasible. The lesson will have the students explore the following: How is wind used to create electricity? How much does wind energy cost? Analyzing the average wind velocity in their area with the aid of an online calculator, can typical homeowners create their own energy, or do they have to rely only on large utility companies to provide it?

Case Study Summaries of Wind Energy Use in Saskatchewan

In this lesson, students will compare and contrast case studies already created for other wind farm locations in Canada available at the Canadian Wind Energy Association website, and then create a similar case study for wind farm locations in Saskatchewan. The completed case study will provide a structured 2 page summary of the history of wind power in Saskatchewan, the local economic impacts of wind energy creation in the region and the public attitudes towards wind energy development and use. There is the option to expand on the summary with additional information related to wind energy as interest and time allow.

Wind Farm Atlas Scavenger Hunt

In this lesson, students will complete an atlas activity to find and map the location of several existing and proposed wind power sites across Canada. They will conduct research to identify the wind farms and describe the features that make the location viable for wind power.

The geographic potential of wind energy in Canada

In this lesson, students will evaluate the potential of wind energy in terms of geographic location. Students will spend a lesson building a simple card windmill and through activities on their school campus, deduce the best locations for the production of wind energy using their mini-wind turbine models. Students will then apply their understanding to current and potential wind energy production locations across Canada.

Calgary over 100 years

This lesson plan offers students the opportunity to investigate the differences between Calgary in the early 1900s and Calgary in 2009, focusing on the changes in people, economy, size, population. (This lesson may easily be adapted for different cities.)

Fur Trade in Canada: Its Historical and Economic Impact

This lesson plan investigates the impact of the fur trade on Canada’s development as a nation. Students will explore how the fur trade led to the development of the west. It allows students to see how our cultural identity and economic system were rooted in the fur trade.

The Hillcrest Mining Disaster in a Global Context

This lesson plan offers students the opportunity to investigate the 1914 Hillcrest Coal Mining Disaster, Canada’s worst mining disaster, in a global perspective.

Farming in 19th Century Canada: A Mapping Activity

In this lesson, students will become experts on farming in one region of Canada in the 19th century. First, they will research the plants grown and animals raised in their region using the Canadian Atlas Online. Next, they will find or draw pictures of each plant and animal and map them on a large classroom map of Canada. Finally, they will examine what is being grown and raised today in British Columbia.

Underground Sleuths Discover Riches Beneath the Plains

Students will use the Canadian Atlas to discover two Central Plains natural resources.

An action plan to protect fishing in British Columbia

In this lesson, students will use The Canadian Atlas Online to research the history of fishing on the east coast of Canada and the current status of fishing on the west coast. Students will use the facts that they have gathered to prepare an action plan to protect fishing in British Columbia.

Forestry in Canada – Then and Now

In this lesson, students will explore the distribution and current uses of different forests in Canada. Students will then trace the evolution of the forestry industry in various regions of Canada pre-1850 to the 1960s, revealing the importance of the forestry industry economically, ecologically, socially and politically.

Mining for Chocolate

Students will design a process for extracting chocolate chips from cookies to simulate the separation of minerals from ore.

Importance of the Beaver

Students will describe the influence of the fur trade on the historical development of Canada by creating a brochure explaining its importance.

Resource Use – From Sustenance to Sustainability

Students will research how societies’ use of natural resources has changed over time with the past being focussed on sustenance/survival to the present being centred on sustainability and survival.

First Nations Early Survival and Trade: The Coast Tsimshian

First Nations societies were highly advanced in their societal structures and economic systems. This lesson will focus on one of the coastal First Nations, the Tsimshian of British Columbia. The Tsimshian depended on the intensive exploitation of salmon supplemented by other fishing and by hunting and gathering. For at least part of the year they lived in villages, and their economies relied on regular, seasonal migrations to other locations for specific resources. All Tsimshian were members of hierarchical kinship groups in which status differences were inherited. Kinship groups from the same village owned contiguous territories for fishing, hunting, and gathering. At elaborate potlatches the giving of luxury goods validated status and title. The system was financed by corporate (kinship-group) production for surplus goods that could be exchanged or traded over long distances. The main themes will be village locations of the Tsimshian, their trade routes, methods of transportation, and items of trade.

From the Forests of New Brunswick to the World

Students will examine how residents of New Brunswick made a living from forestry in three historical periods. After examining environmental factors that made possible the growth of a forest industry in the region, students will view use of these resources in lumber, shipbuilding, and pulp and paper. Knowledge about markets should reinforce the concept that forests have had an impact locally and globally.

Historical Fisheries off the Grand Banks (Wet and Dry Fisheries)

The French conducted the earliest trans-Atlantic fishery with the Portuguese fishermen, soon joined by Basques, who took cod in coastal waters and dried them ashore (the dry fishery). They were followed by the English. Early in the 16th century fishermen appear to have frequented primarily the south and east coasts of Newfoundland and the Strait of Belle Isle. Later fishermen from northern France began to exploit the banks directly catching and salting fish on board (the wet fishery) This lesson will examine the four maps of Migratory Fisheries: Migratory Inshore Dry Fishery, Migratory Banks Fisheries, English Variant, Introduced 17th Century and the Resident Banks Fishery, 18th Century. The students will investigate the differences between the wet and dry types of fishery. Students will also study the spatial pattern and distribution of the inshore fishing stations of the 17th century as well as look at the settlement concepts of site and situation.

European Migration to Tilting, Newfoundland

In this lesson, students will learn about historical connections between Tilting, Newfoundland and Labrador, and Ireland. Using the Canadian Atlas Online, students will compare and contrast two settlements on the island of Newfoundland Tilting and Trinity. Students will be encouraged to use historical data to construct maps and interpret pie charts.

The Fishery and Settlement Patterns in Newfoundland and Labrador: 17th -18th Century Trinity Bay Internal Migration

In this lesson, students will be exposed to two case studies from Trinity Bay in Newfoundland and Labrador that illustrate internal migration during the mid-1700s to 1950s. Through an examination of a variety of materials, various push and pull factors will be explored. These factors encouraged early fishermen and their families to continue their movement after their arrival from England and Ireland. Students will be required to produce a map to trace the migration routes taken by these early settlers. Teachers should encourage students to research and apply similar information to other regions of Atlantic Canada.

Treasure of the Tar

Students will use the Canadian Atlas to discover a vital Central Plains natural resource. They will use a variety of sources to communicate key facts about the resource in a poster format.

Atlantic Canada’s Connections by Sea

Students will understand and appreciate the importance of Atlantic Canada’s historical connection to the sea.

Leaving Home: Migration Into and Out Of Atlantic Canada

Students will examine factors that attracted settlers to and forced them away from Atlantic Canada in two historical periods. After examining these factors, students will draw conclusions about the cultural impact of these migrations upon this region. Knowledge about these movements should reinforce empathy for these “real” people and allow comparisons with more recent migrations.

Why Do We Live Here? : A Historical Geographical Study of La Tabatiere, Quebec North Shore

Many communities and their occupants have historical connections to exploration routes and traditional resource extraction and trading routes. This is particularly true in Eastern Canada and the Gulf of St. Lawrence where families of French, Irish, Scots, and English came to pursue new lives and economic activities. The North Shore of Quebec has families of many origins with ties by sea to the rest of the Atlantic Region. In fact this often-unknown edge of Quebec shares roots, family names and dialects with the west coast of the island of Newfoundland. Through a case study of La Tabatiere on Quebec’s North Shore in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, students will undertake a study of how the geography of a community/region affects its history. The process and skills attained by analyzing La Tabatiere will enable an examination by exploring maps and other primary source documents to understand what it was about an area that drew early settlers to this place/region. The importance of resource extraction, landforms

Energy in the NWT: Past, Present, and Future

In this lesson, students will explore energy resources in the NWT. They will start this research by reviewing oil and gas production as it was recorded in Canada in 1961. Using a map and fact sheet, students will identify existing and potential energy resources near their home community. They will be directed to the NWT Power Corporation website which identifies each community’s current power generation. Next, students will find community energy planning posters for each community on the Arctic Energy Alliance website. Using these sources, students will work with partners to create a three-sectioned poster to illustrate energy sources past, present, and future.

Mining in the NWT: Location, location, location!

The economy of the Northwest Territories (NWT) is strongly linked to mining. Over the years, numerous mines have been located across the NWT. In this lesson, students will complete a mapping exercise that will identify the locations of the various mines in the NWT. Students will be given the coordinates of each mine and will plot locations on a map. They will create a legend to identify the type of material mined at the site, and the legend will indicate whether the mine is currently in operation. To conclude the lesson, students will caption their maps and discuss them with the class.

Forged in War: The Impact of the Second World War on Canadian women and their role today

During the Second World War, the role of women in Canada changed dramatically. Many Canadian women responded to the call to be involved in the war effort. They gave up their traditional positions as homemakers to take on other positions in the labour force and military. In this lesson, students will use critical thinking skills to answer the following questions: How did the Second World War change Canadian women's perceptions of their role in society? To what extent do these perceptions shape the lives of women in Canada today?

Arctic Survival - Then and Now

In this lesson, students will develop a “survival kit” for a day on the land. They will consider new technology and resources which will help them survive in the Arctic environment. They will then compare their kit to the resources used for Arctic survival in the past.

Fur Here or To Go?

In this lesson, students will assume the roles of Inuit in the early 1900s. They will debate whether or not to set up a permanent village near a Hudson Bay fur-trading post.

Nickel Back?

In this lesson, students will learn how Rankin Inlet, a former nickel mining town came to be, and how the town has survived since the mine closed. They will also decide how much of this information could be relevant to new mining projects in Rankin Inlet and the rest of Nunavut.

Changing Energy Use in Canada

In this lesson, students will conduct research on changing energy use in Canada and present their findings to the class. Working groups will be assigned a different energy source and will discuss the earliest uses of the resource, changes through time and reasons for these changes, and present uses. They will use the information they have found to predict types of energy likely to be used to fuel Canada in the near future.

Weather Extremes in Canada: Understanding the Sources and Dangers of Weather

This lesson will focus on the extremes of weather and how they affect Canada. Important meteorological factors such as air masses, warm fronts and the thunderstorms associated with cold fronts will be covered. The lesson will also look at some of the dangers associated with weather extremes in Canada.

Fueling Your School

Energy required to heat schools comes from various fuel sources. Students will investigate the heating plant in their schools as a starting point for investigating how fuels heat schools in Canada and what fuels have been used, are used, and might be used in the future. (Note: this lesson might be more appropriate during cold weather seasons.)

Powering your Cell Phone

In this lesson, students will imagine they could time travel with their cell phones. Their research will reveal how their phones could have been powered at various times in Canada’s past and from where this fuel would have come.

Touring Around the Islands of Atlantic Canada

In this lesson, students will examine the history and heritage of the islands of Atlantic Canada and examine their similarities and differences. By taking a "virtual trip" into the past and present of selected islands in Atlantic Canada, students will practice basic geographic skills while exploring the historical geography of these lesser-known places.

Border Dispute in Canada: The Labrador-Quebec Border

This lesson explores the historical and geographical development of the Labrador-Quebec border, as well as the continuing disputes since the border decision.

Port au Choix: A ‘Choice’ Place for First Nations Continuous Settlement in the Gulf of St. Lawrence Region

In this lesson, students will explore why Port au Choix, which is located near the Strait of Belle Isle entrance to the Gulf of St. Lawrence on the Great Northern Peninsula of Newfoundland and Labrador has been a choice place for people to live for thousands of years. Over the centuries, many different cultural groups have regularly settled in the region to harvest the rich resources of the sea, land and air. The Maritime Archaic Indians first migrated to the area almost 7,000 years ago during a period of global warming. Some 3,000 years later, during a period of climatic global cooling, the Groswater Paleoeskimo and Dorset Paleoeskimo migrated to the area to live on the headlands to hunt seals and walrus. Today, Port au Choix is still a vibrant fishing community.

Sustenance of Pre-Contact First Nations in Saskatchewan

In this lesson, students will compare and contrast their daily survival needs to those of the pre-contact First Nations people of Saskatchewan.

Choosing a Capital City for Saskatchewan

In this lesson students will learn about the important process in choosing an appropriate site for a provincial capital. When Saskatchewan became a province in 1905 several communities vied for the honour of becoming the new province’s capital city. Each had advantages and disadvantages to its location and resources. In this lesson students will play the role of civic government advisors and will develop a rationale for choosing which community offered the best location to become the centre of government in the new province.

Saskatchewan’s Early Trade Routes: The Impact of Geography on Trade

In this lesson, students will compare and contrast prehistoric First Nations’ trade routes and trade goods with the routes and goods traded in the fur trade era and present day in order to learn about the impact of physical and human geography on trade in Saskatchewan.

The Tools and Technology of Canada’s First Peoples: A Visual Journey

In this lesson, students will conduct research to create a visual presentation of some of the tools and technologies developed by Canada’s first peoples. They will describe and explain the use and importance of these items to early survival in Canada.

The Five W’s of Early Trading Networks in Canada

In this lesson, students will work in groups to conduct research about early trading networks in Canada using The Canadian Atlas Online. They will discover who, what, when, where, why and how trade was conducted from prehistoric times to early Canadian history. Students will present their findings to the class as a group presentation.

Where We Live

This lesson will explore Canada’s population distribution in terms of rural and urban regions. Students will compare and contrast two Canadian cities in terms of quality of life.

Mapping the Fur Trade

In this lesson, students will use The Canadian Atlas Online to research places of significance to the fur trade. Next, they will create a map that shows the growth of the fur trade across Canada.

Living in a Heritage City: Quebec

Students must answer the question: "What unique aspects are involved in living in a heritage city like Quebec?"

Thirsting For More: What is the relationship between climate change and water?

This lesson offers students the opportunity to examine some of the possible effects of climate change on water resources. Students will work collaboratively in small groups to decode and analyze various political cartoons on the topic. Finally, students will create their own political cartoon related to water and climate change.

The Impact of Climate Change on Resource and Service-Based Industries in British Columbia

In this lesson, students will use the Canadian Geographic/NRTEE A Changing Climate poster-map to identify the potential impacts of climate change to British Columbia. Students will locate communities in British Columbia that will be affected by each of the impacts listed. They will choose one community for further research to learn about how these changes will affect industries in the area. Students will examine the economic consequences and opportunities created by these changes. Finally, they will design a poster to present their findings to the class.

Where have all the Salmon Gone?

In this lesson, students will participate in a simulation activity that illustrates the lifecycle of salmon in order to appreciate the different obstacles that they confront during their lifetime. They will assess the impact of climate change on the salmon industry and evaluate both the economic risks and opportunities associated with these changes.

Agriculture and Climate Change: Growing Problems or Opportunities for Growth?

Climate involves both long-term change and shorter-term variation. For agriculture, variation is at least as important as change, especially for crop production. Changes and variations can potentially help agriculture (new crops, longer growing seasons); but can also cause problems (droughts, floods, invasion of new pest species). Agriculture involves more than crops and animals, and other effects to the business of agriculture could result from change and variation. In this lesson, students will assess the relative effect of climate change and variation on agriculture in New Brunswick.

Changing Oceans: Future challenges in the Newfoundland Fisheries

Students are asked to examine a variety of websites to gain insight into how climatic changes are influencing the fisheries of Newfoundland and Labrador. A comparison of the present day cod fishery to the fishery prior to the cod moratorium will be discussed. Students will produce a map showing the major ocean currents and characteristics.

Climate Change: Crisis or Opportunity for Canadians?

Climate change is real and happening now. Canada, while continuing to reduce its carbon footprint, needs to refocus on the new reality that climate change will create and establish what this means to Canada’s environment and economy. How can our government ensure that the finance, trade and investment sectors are aligned with future business opportunities and needs? Can climate change provide trading opportunities for Canadian prosperity? How can we turn the crisis into an opportunity for Canadians? How can we get ahead of this prosperity curve? This lesson explores the idea of where Canada stands, especially in creating the optimum economic environment for Canadians in a low-carbon, energy-efficient economy.

De-Iced Road Truckers

In this lesson, students will examine the potential effects of climate change on winter roads, the subsequent impact in the Northwest Territories and possible options to address this problem.

Survey Says…The Degrees of Change

In this lesson, students will examine possible changes in ice, snow and sea levels based on global mean temperature increases between 1-5 degrees Celsius. Students will use the Canadian Geographic/NRTEE A Changing Climate poster-map to identify impacts of climate change to the Arctic. They will conduct a survey in the local community to ask for predictions about the impact of climate change in Nunavut. Finally, they will discuss connections between the survey results and the Canadian Geographic/NRTEE A Changing Climate poster-map.

Who We Are

In this lesson, students will explore and identify demographic factors that shape Canada’s population. Students will create their own ‘Canadian Character’ by researching demographic information on levels of education, employment, religion, health and life expectancy. They will be required to graph some of their findings. Students will then create a collage as a pictorial representation of their character.

The Carolina Enquirer A Round Table Lesson on the effects of Global Warming on the Carolinian Ecosystem in southern Ontario.

In this lesson, students will use a Round Table approach to evaluate the possible effects of climate change on an ecosystem and the resulting effects on the flora, fauna and population living in that region.

Tourism, Climate Change and Sand Dune Coasts: Stresses, Adaptations, Opportunities?

This lesson is based on current scientific research. Changes in climate can result in changes to sand dune coasts – both to the shoreline and the dunes. They can also cause changes that impact tourist use of the coast. Changes in tourism, such as the number of tourists and the season of their visits, can also impact the coastline. In this lesson, students will conduct a field study to help them answer the following questions: How can the impacts on tourism interact with the impacts of tourism on a sand dune coast? Will tourism be helped or hampered by the anticipated warmer, drier summer climate of the future in Prince Edward Island; or are there positive adaptations?

Climate Change in Saskatchewan: A Panel Discussion

In this lesson students will engage in a role-play to analyze the potential impacts of climate change in Saskatchewan. They will assess the risks and benefits associated with these changes and propose policy recommendations.

Infrastructure in the North

In this lesson, students will learn about the impact of climate change on the infrastructure of communities in northern Canada. First, they will find and map several communities in northern Canada that have experienced changes to their infrastructure from climate change. Next, they will visit the National Round Table on the Environment and the Economy (NRTEE) website to research the different types of impacts to infrastructure that occur from climate change. In the culminating activity, students will use information from interactive satellite images to describe and explain the specific changes that have occurred in each community that they have mapped. They will refer to the Canadian Geographic/NRTEE A Changing Climate poster-map to identify the temperature change required for each of these impacts, when possible to draw such a link.

Charting a Course for Canada’s Arctic Sovereignty

In this lesson, students will have the opportunity to reflect on the evolving role of the Canadian Navy. Discussion topics include past and present activities of the Canadian Navy. Students will be asked to formulate an opinion regarding the Canadian Navy’s role and Arctic sovereignty. They will research and answer the following questions: What types of action has the Canadian Government taken to reinforce its sovereignty claims in the Arctic? How important is it to maintain or increase naval activity in the region? What are the costs and benefits of enhancing the role of the Canadian Navy in the Arctic? Each student will be required to write a paragraph addressing these issues.

Women in the Canadian Navy

In this lesson, students will conduct research to learn about the past and present role of women in the Canadian Navy.

Manitoba’s Ships

In this lesson students will conduct research about ships in the Canadian Navy named after communities in Manitoba. Next, they will create a pamphlet to display their findings and present it to the class.

The History of the Canadian Navy in New Brunswick

In this lesson, students will research the history of the Canadian Navy’s presence in New Brunswick. They will examine the role played by corvettes on the North Atlantic convoy routes. In addition, students will learn about the province’s main shipbuilding yard and the construction of modern day ships for the Canadian Navy. Finally, they will develop an appreciation of the modern Canadian Navy by studying present-day ships that have a connection to the province.

Newfoundland and Labrador’s Continuous Connection to the Canadian Navy

Students will examine the strategic role played by Newfoundland and Labrador for the Canadian Navy in the Second World War. Students will become familiar with the daily life of corvette sailors on the North Atlantic convoy routes. They will develop an appreciation of the modern Canadian Navy by studying current naval ships that have a connection to Newfoundland and Labrador. Finally, students will learn about the evolution of the Canadian Navy’s use of technology to safeguard the nation.

Yellowknife – In the Navy?

In this lesson, students will discover why the Canadian Navy names its ships after Canadian communities. They will determine that the only ship named after a community in the Northwest Territories that is still in action is HMCS Yellowknife. Once they independently research this ship, they will debate whether or not they feel the ship and the Canadian Navy fairly represent the people of Yellowknife to the world at large.

Understanding Canadian Weather Extremes

This lesson teaches about the dynamic interaction between North American air masses and the often spectacular and extreme weather patterns that result. Students will explore both the nature and the origin of the five major air masses that affect Canada’s weather and then investigate the dramatic weather results (both thunderstorms and tornadoes) of the interaction between these air masses.

Naming Ships in Nunavut

In this lesson, students will learn about the naming process for ships in the Canadian Navy. They will search for ships that were named after communities in Nunavut in the past. Students will discover that currently there are no ships named after communities in Nunavut in the Canadian Navy. Finally, they will create a profile for a fictional ship in the Canadian Navy and name it after a community in Nunavut.

Protecting Canada’s Coastlines

In this lesson, students will examine how the Canadian Navy protects and defends our country’s extremely long coastline. In the culminating activity, students will map the Canadian Navy’s presence on two coastlines. They will also discuss the task of protecting our northern coastline.

The Canadian Navy in Action: The Battle of the Atlantic

The goal of this lesson is to make students aware of the role played by the Canadian Navy in the Second World War. Students will begin by exploring the Navy Centennial section of The Canadian Atlas Online. They will complete a graphic organizer about the Canadian Navy. Next, students will read about the Battle of the Atlantic and answer a series of questions. Finally, they will choose one of the following activities to expand their knowledge of the Canadian Navy. The activities are: (A) Writing a reflection on the HMCS Baddeck or HMCS Moose Jaw, (B) Canadian Naval Vessels PowerPoint Presentation or (C) Battle of the Atlantic Picture Book.

Illustrating the Historical and Geographic Footprint of the Canadian Navy in Quebec

In this lesson, students will develop an illustration of the Canadian Navy’s presence in Quebec by placing historical markers on a timeline and geographic markers on a map of Quebec.

Saskatchewan’s “Stone Frigates”

The Royal Canadian Navy Volunteer Reserve (RCNVR) was formed in 1923 in an effort to establish a naval presence in every major Canadian city. This lesson examines the importance of these Naval Reserve Divisions service in the Canadian Armed Forces during wartime and for peace-keeping roles. It will focus on the two Naval Reserve Divisions located in Regina and Saskatoon.

The Canadian Navy on the Global Stage

In this lesson, students will use The Canadian Atlas Online to research and evaluate the Canadian Navy’s participation in world affairs and global conflicts.

Where do they come from? Locating Naval Namesake Ships Activity

Each of the ships below is named after a community in Canada. Use the Interactive Navy Map “The Canadian Navy: Namesake Communities” to find the province or territory for each of the namesake ships below.

Naval Namesakes Matching Activity

Use the Interactive Navy Map “The Canadian Navy: Namesake Communities” to match the ship name to the correct ship photo. Write the letter of the photo beside the name that matches it. Write the type of ship under each ship name.

The Evolution of the Canadian Navy Matching Activity

Use “The evolution of the Canadian Navy” poster map to match the events and ships below to the correct image. Write the letter of the image beside the description that matches it. Write the approximate dates of the event/ship under each description.

Navy Numbers Quiz

Use the Canadian Atlas Online “The Navy Thematic” to find the answers to this quiz. Circle the correct answer.

Building Canada: Timelines and Parliamentary Representation

Students will learn about how Canada was built. They will learn important dates and events in Canada over the last 138 years and look at alternate ways that Members of Parliament could possibly be organized. In doing so, students will learn about the size of the provinces in comparison to population. Finally, students may participate in extension activities that include learning about federal political parties and Parliament Hill.

Naval Namesakes Detective Game

Use the Interactive Navy Map “The Canadian Navy: Namesake Communities” and the clues below to find the missing ships! Write the name of the ship and the dates of operation in the space provided.

Namesake Communities Activity

In this activity, you will use the Canadian Atlas Online “The Navy Thematic” to learn about how the Canadian Navy names the ships in its fleet. First, you will graph the number of namesake communities in each province/territory. Next, you will gather facts about the naming process. Finally, you will choose a community name for a ship and defend your choice to your classmates.

The Evolution of the Canadian Navy - Timeline Activity

Use “The evolution of the Canadian Navy” poster map to put the following events in the correct sequence. Write down the importance of the event or additional information where required.

Types of Vessels Activity

In this activity, you will use the Canadian Atlas Online “The Navy Thematic” to learn about the types of vessels in the Canadian Navy. First, you will gather some important facts about the vessels. Next, you will choose a new vessel for the Navy and explain why you think it is needed.

How does climate change affect my pancakes?

Students will gain an understanding of how climate change may increase natural disturbances that, in turn, may affect the production of maple syrup in Quebec.

Sustainable Forestry

In this lesson, students will watch short video clips that show forest harvesting in the boreal forest. Next, they will complete a research assignment on the effects of forest harvesting and access the Forest Products Association of Canada website to determine five key principles of sustainable forestry in Canada’s boreal forest.

Collaboration and Compromise: The Canadian Boreal Forest Agreement

In this lesson, students are introduced to the concept of stakeholders. They will collaborate and cooperate to explore the Canadian Boreal Forest Agreement during a round table discussion from the perspective of various stakeholders in the agreement.

To cut or not to cut, that is the question!

In this lesson, students will explore different perspectives associated with forest harvesting in Duck Mountain provincial park in Manitoba. They will assume the position of a stakeholder and defend whether or not logging should be allowed in provincial parks.

Sustainable Forestry Practices in the Boreal Forests of New Brunswick

Canada’s forestry industry is beginning to integrate traditional pulp, paper and sawmills with new innovative technologies to maximize the fibre harvested in the creation of new bio-products. New innovative products include bio-fuels, bio-energy, bio-chemicals and other bio-materials. In this lesson, students investigate the benefits and challenges of biomass as an alternative fuel source in the province of New Brunswick. They will focus on the boreal forest and the recent Canadian Boreal Forest Agreement.

Soil-Vegetation Connections in the Boreal Forest

The boreal forest is identified as being a key ecosystem which contributes much to the world and Canada. Understanding its formation, role, fragility, resources, and maintenance will enable the nurturing of sound sustainable practices. This lesson involves two components. First, students will observe and measure a soil profile in the field. Next, they will analyze and interpret the profiles in the classroom. This process will enable students to make connections between soils and forest cover.

Like Waves on the Shore: Settling Canada

The settling of Canada can be compared to sets of waves crashing upon a beach. First, one group of people is swept ashore and creates new lives. Years later, a new set of immigrants is swept ashore and is followed by subsequent sets of waves. This lesson will allow students to examine different groups of settlers in Canada. Students will compare different groups of settlers in terms of the push/pull factors involved in their migration and the locations where the diverse groups settled. The relationship between past and current migration patterns will be examined.

The Boreal Forests of Nova Scotia: An Alternate Energy Source?

The nature of this lesson is for students to research the topic of biomass fuel, develop a thesis statement and write a 1000-word essay on the use of biomass as a sustainable fuel source for Nova Scotia.

Biomass Community Task Force – A Simulation for Decision Making

A Northwest Territories community on the fringe of the boreal forest strikes a task force to examine the possibility of converting to biomass fuel generation as it faces rising costs and other logistical challenges in supplying traditional fossil fuels to its community.

Housing in Nunavut: Human and Physical Challenges

This lesson will examine both the human and physical limitations associated with the construction of homes made of wood in Nunavut.

Clearing the Log Jam

The Canadian Boreal Forest Agreement is a historic agreement that signifies a new era of joint leadership in the Canadian boreal forest. In this lesson, students will map the extent of Canada’s boreal forest and analyze the Canadian Boreal Forest Agreement. The Canadian Atlas Online (CAOL) will be used to highlight the significance of the Canadian boreal forest ecosystem.

The Woodland Caribou: A Multi-Media Exploration of a Species at Risk

This lesson examines the Canadian boreal population of the Woodland Caribou, a species at risk. Following an introduction to the extent of the woodland caribou range on the Canadian Geographic/FPAC Boreal Forest poster-map, students look at two videos: one that offers a visual introduction to the caribou, and another that offers some insight into Aboriginal peoples’ perception of the caribou. The class reviews a caribou facts sheet. Then, in groups, students prepare multi-media presentations on the caribou. The lesson concludes with a student-written paragraph about the importance of protecting the caribou.

Conservation of forest land: What will the consensus be?

The lesson plan is based on the structure of strategic teaching or a learning and evaluation situation (LES) structure recommended by the Contemporary World Program for Secondary 5 in Québec.

Town Hall Forestry Forum

Students assume a role and then carry out research, summarize their findings and defend a position in relation to a notice to expand local forestry operations in a community located in the boreal forest area of Saskatchewan. Students must consider the impact of such a decision for the community and create a recommendation on whether or not to expand forestry operations to submit to the provincial government.

Is the Global Boreal Forest a Priority Place?

In this lesson, students investigate features of the global boreal forest and the criteria required to be considered as a World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Priority Place. Students will decide if the global boreal forest region should be protected as a Priority Place. Students will present their findings in a position paper, poster or presentation.

A Soldier’s Account of the War of 1812

After exploring the history of the War of 1812, students will create a diary expressing the views of a British soldier in the war.

The War of 1812: Who Won the War?

Students will learn about the causes, course and consequences of the War of 1812. The causes section will help students understand the geographical location and importance of Upper Canada to the Americans and British, the spark which led to the declaration of war and the role of the First Nations before the war. The course section will focus on the stories of key individuals (British, American, First Nations) and the lack of any decisive military victory. The consequences section will show how very little changed for all sides as is evident in the peace treaty in Ghent in 1814.

Cod Calamity

The lesson is an analysis of the concept of sustainable development with particular emphasis on the depletion of northern cod stocks and the subsequently imposed government cod moratorium.

Water: A Vital Resource for Canadians

Students will become aware of the fact that we live on a water-rich planet: the “Blue Planet”. They will discover that the percentage of fresh water is minute when compared to that of salt water. They will also learn how we humans use the surface water that comes from the fresh water supply.

Exploring the War of 1812 through Song

In this activity students will explore the War of 1812 by considering multiple perspectives. They will view three divergent music videos and create a music video of their own using the Canadian lyrics from a song entitled ‘The War of 1812’.

The 104th (New Brunswick) Regiment of Foot

In this lesson, students will examine the historical impact of the War of 1812 on New Brunswick. They will investigate how the 104th (New Brunswick) Regiment of Foot contributed to the war. They will identify geographical locations where the regiment fought as well as hardships they encountered. Knowledge of battle engagements and the daily life of these men should reinforce empathy for “real” people. This will also lead to an understanding of the war’s impact on New Brunswick.

The Royal Newfoundland Regiment and the War of 1812

Students will examine the role played by the Royal Newfoundland Regiment (RNR) (known earlier as the Royal Newfoundland Regiment of Fencible Infantry) in the War of 1812. Students will study geographical locations of battle sites where the RNR was involved during this period. After an examination of the lifestyle of these 19th century soldiers, students will draw conclusions about why men would leave their homeland to fight. Knowledge about battle engagements and the daily life of these men should reinforce empathy and allow comparisons with more recent soldiers of the Royal Newfoundland Regiment.

Privateers in the War of 1812

This lesson will focus on the role of Nova Scotia’s privateers during the War of 1812. Students will conduct research about privateers and then complete a journal assignment. They will write from the perspective of a captain or sailor on a privateering vessel. The entries should describe a series of events including leaving port, engaging a vessel from the United States of America, the conflict and returning to port with the captured ship and its cargo.

The Leadership role of Chief Tecumseh in the Defence of Upper Canada

Leadership is an important quality during wartime. What makes a leader? Chief Tecumseh played an important part in the defence of Upper Canada in the early stages of the war. In this lesson, students will examine his leadership qualities and the details of his life.

The Role of Women in the War of 1812: Laura Secord

In this lesson, students will investigate the role of Laura Secord in the War of 1812. They will explore the vital roles women played on the battlefields and assess the ways in which female participants have been compensated and remembered.

Forts of the War of 1812

Students will learn the advantages and disadvantages of the geographic locations of forts in the War of 1812. They will research military engagements that occurred at those locations. Students will discuss the effects of the particular location and environment on the results of the battles.

The War of 1812: Fortress Prince Edward Island

In this lesson, student groups investigate different forts. From their research they will generate a description and a list of items that the students want to include in a fictional ‘Fortress PEI’. Next, they will design a fort by creating a ‘blueprint’ of their group’s fort. They will choose a site and design a fort to be built on Prince Edward Island. The students will then compare and contrast their forts.

The War of 1812 - victory or defeat?

This learning and evaluation situation (LES) focuses on the War of 1812, its impacts and development. This LES reflects the social reality, claims and struggles in the British colony. It puts the various military campaigns of the War of 1812 into perspective, particularly that of the Americans in Lower Canada (Québec). Moreover, students use this LES to gather information about the campaign, while learning about the underlying geographic and military dynamics. Furthermore, this lesson covers the results and consequences of the war on Canadians, Americans and First Nations, who actively participated in this war.

The War of 1812: Shaping Canadian Identity

Students will assume the role of a member of a local historical society that has been asked to approve a list of important historical events for inclusion in an upcoming commemorative series of stamps/coins. Further research must be conducted in order to provide an informed opinion about whether the War of 1812 should be included in the list. Students must determine causes of the war, important people, key locations, impacts of the conflict and how the war has shaped Canadian identity in order to make their recommendation.

A Canadian Inventory: The way we are!

Students will be expected to use each of the 9 themes listed on pages 8-9 of the Canadian Atlas to provide a general inventory of Canada’s wealth and usage of resources. This lesson is intended as a ‘focus lesson’ in that the information gathered is a summary in nature and will allow students to focus on specific themes in later lessons. Local community relevance is made in a number of areas to connect the student with information presented in the atlas.

Canadian Identity and the War of 1812: How the Map of North America Could Look

In this lesson students will examine the impact of the War of 1812 on Canadian history and on the map of North America. First, they will locate and re-create significant battles in the War of 1812. Next, they will redraw the political boundaries of North America to illustrate how the division of space on this continent would be different if the United States had won the War of 1812.

Developing a Watershed Area with the End in Mind

In this lesson students will consider the relationship between environmental charters, stewardship and watersheds. They will investigate and design a proposal to develop a watershed area. The development proposal must adhere to the principles contained in a class-constructed environmental charter.

Keeping the Glass ½ Full Understanding British Columbia’s Watersheds and Promoting Action to Protect Them

This lesson is designed to provide an introduction to watersheds in British Columbia and to help students understand the importance of protecting them. Students will make connections between watershed protection and the provision of clean and safe drinking water. Additionally, students will develop a personal action plan to protect watersheds.

Making a Watershed Model

In this activity, students will produce a model to determine how watersheds are connected and how water flows through them.

Sustainable Economic Development

In this lesson students will come to a more complete understanding of watersheds, water conservation and sustainable economic development by studying one of New Brunswick’s many beautiful river systems. Students will research the types of economic development that take place within a specific watershed area in New Brunswick. They will prepare a research report that will propose sustainable economic activities that protect the watershed.

“Putting the Hum in the Humber”: The Humber River Watershed

Students will examine how watersheds help maintain our natural environment. They will examine the impact of development within the Humber River watershed. This includes the growth of the pulp and paper industry, settlement and tourism development. Students will study concerns about the use of resources.

Water Conservation and the Watersheds of Nova Scotia

The aim of this lesson is to make students more aware of Nova Scotia’s watershed areas, water conservation and the need to secure our surface water supply for future generations. The activities and the project will allow students to understand what a watershed area is and to investigate one of the many watershed areas that exist in Nova Scotia. They will develop a number of geographic and research skills.

Water Music: A Creative Exploration Dedicated to the Importance of Rivers and Lakes in Our Regional Watersheds

This lesson will explore the vital use of language (oral, written, musical, rhythmic) to convey the important role water plays in our lives. Students will be given the opportunity to explore a range of musical/lyrical/multimedia expressions to describe their understanding of the role that water/waterways/bodies of water/watersheds play in our everyday lives.

Urban vs. Rural: Examining How Watersheds Affect People Living in Urban and Rural Areas

This lesson will help students understand the different ways that people rely on watersheds and sources of water depending on where they live.

Exploring and Evaluating our Impact on Local Watersheds

Students will explore and map the locations of Canadian Watersheds. Students will examine the importance of our local watershed and evaluate their own personal impact on local watersheds.

Building Canada

This lesson examines the territorial and political development of Canada as a nation. The focal point of the lesson is pages 34-35 of The Canadian Atlas, while appropriate sections of The Canadian Atlas website will also be referenced. The overall intent of the lesson is to trace the territorial and political changes that have taken place in Canada since its inception in 1867. The lesson will also explore political representations by region.

Conservation Stewardship in Action: Protecting the PEI Winter River/Tracadie Bay Watershed “The pen is just as mighty as the paddle.”

This lesson focuses on a watershed vital to Charlottetown: the Winter River/Tracadie Bay Watershed, the source of the city’s water. Students will review inspiring quotations about water and participate in a discussion about who should protect watersheds. They will learn about how the watersheds of Prince Edward Island are protected and assume the roles of various sectors that form the Watershed Alliance. Finally, they will write a communication that expresses one major concern they have about the watershed.

Watersheds and what they involve

Students should realize that it is important to know where our water comes from so that we can protect it and that is why they will learn what a watershed is and what it involves. Divided into six groups, the students must teach a concept to the rest of the class. The teacher assigns a concept to each team. The team should do some research to properly explain the new concept.

Saskatchewan’s Watersheds: Taking Action to Promote, Protect and Conserve our Future

Students use a variety of maps to identify and describe watersheds in the province as well as summarize the ways humans have impacted the watersheds in the past and present. Students will present their findings to their peers along with proposals for action that they can use as individuals to promote, protect and conserve watersheds in the province.

The Peel Watershed Assessing the Complexities of a Land Use Issue

In this lesson, students will use the Canadian Atlas Online to locate and gather information about the Peel Watershed. They will explore the Recommended Peel Watershed Land Use Plan to identify land use issues and different viewpoints on development in the Peel Watershed. Finally, students will develop an advertisement that expresses their personal position on the issue.

Telling the Story of Canada’s Railway

On November 7, 2010, Canadian Pacific (CP) and Parks Canada hosted a public celebration commemorating the 125th anniversary of the driving of the Last Spike and the completion of Canada's first transcontinental railway. In this lesson, students will write the script for a CP video that has no narrative accompaniment.

Train of Thought: An Annotated Timeline of Western Railroads and Critical Analysis of Events.

In this lesson, students combine critical thinking, chronology, writing and representation skills to create an annotated timeline of the development of the railway and its impact on Western Canada. Using both multimedia and internet resources, students research major events in the progress of the western railway system and categorize these events chronologically and in order of importance. The end result is a well researched timeline featuring illustrations, annotations and student insights into the building of the railroad and the nation.

Building a Railway: Human and Physical Considerations

Students will create a poster that compares the physical and human components required to build the Canadian Pacific Railway in the 1880’s to railroad development projects in the present.

Advances in Rail Research Project

The history and geography of New Brunswick could easily be studied by exploring the development of New Brunswick trains and railways. The focus of this lesson is to examine the development of technology as it relates to train engines, train cars and cabooses. Students will review and research the information on railways located on the Canadian Atlas Online (CAOL), particularly the development of trains over the last 120 years.

A Railway in Newfoundland? All Aboard for the Past!

By examining the story of the Newfoundland Railway, students will determine the reasons why the Newfoundland Government undertook the project; the geographical problems that had to be overcome in its construction; the problems that led to its demise; and what has become of the former railway property today. This study will examine how the railway aided the growth of industry in the region, influenced settlement patterns and contributed to tourism development. In analyzing this defunct project, students will also determine if a renewed railway of any sort is an alternate and greener source of transportation for the future.

Railways and Railway Stations of Nova Scotia

In this lesson, students will research, analyse, and write about the railways and railway stations of Nova Scotia. They will use the Canadian Atlas Online (CAOL) and other online resources to discover the history of Nova Scotia Rail, conduct other research on the history of rail within Canada and apply their knowledge through mapping and journal writing.

Dealing with Canada’s changing population to 2026 – Analyzing population trends and predicting potential demographic issues.

Students will use population data to construct population pyramids, examine population projections to 2026, identify potential issues as a result of the changing population and make suggestions as to how best to prepare for the changes, so as to minimize any negative effects of Canada’s changing population.

The economic impact of the Mackenzie Northern Railway and the Great Slave Lake Railway

This lesson examines the creation of the Mackenzie Northern Railway, more specifically the Great Slave Lake Railway, and the role it played in the economic development of the Great Slave region of the Northwest Territories. Students will research and participate in a debate on the impact of the Great Slave Lake Railway on the economic development of the southern area around Great Slave Lake.

Expanding Canada’s Rail Network to Meet the Challenges of the Future

Rail may become a more popular mode of transportation in the future due to increased population, higher energy costs, resource depletion, climate change, globalization, Arctic development and a desire for a greener world. In this lesson, students will use GIS technology to plan and map a new Canadian railway that will help to address the challenges of a changing world.

The Importance of Canadian Railways

Students will read and analyse maps, construct and analyse graphs and communicate their understanding of the importance of Canada’s railways and transportation systems.

Canada Rail Passenger Service: All Aboard for the Future!

For motivation, the lesson starts with a matching challenge that highlights famous passenger trains. The lesson next focuses on rail as a viable form of transportation in terms of its small carbon footprint. In the culminating activity, students complete a brochure that promotes a passenger service on a selected three-hundred kilometre stretch of rail shown on CANADA'S STEEL ROADS poster-map. They will name the train; indicate the route on a map; describe points of geographic and historical interest that can be viewed through the window; and create a trip-related activity for children.

The role of railways in the development of industrial areas

Encourage students to become aware of the role of the railway in the industrial development of the Great Lakes region and the St. Lawrence valley, as well as its role in an intermodal transportation network.

All Aboard: Railway Service Options for Saskatchewan

Students analyse a business proposal for a new rail service for the province and make recommendations for the most economically advantageous service options, based on research into past, present and future trends in railways.

Westward, ho! The Railway in the Economic and Social Development of Western Canada

Students will use online sources to learn about the route of the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) as it moved into Canada’s westernmost province. They will examine its significance from a social and economic point of view in order to recognize the role and contribution of the railway to the development of British Columbia.

History of the Mint

Students will write a letter to their parents that explains how the Mint began and the role it played in the first World War.

Coins, the Mint, and Canadian Identity

Students will use online sources to learn about the history of coins and the Mint in Canada. They will understand the significance of the Mint and examine how Canada’s culture, heritage and geography are expressed in the coins and how this reflects our values and identity as a nation.

Designing Coins for the World

Students explore the different coins that the Mint has produced for different countries. They evaluate proposed coin features and create an original coin design for a country of their choice. They compare and contrast various features between the Canadian 25-cent coin and the coin that they created.

Canadians – Shaped by the Land

Students will work in groups to examine the different landforms in Canada and their impact on Canadians. They will collect and interpret data, and share their findings, collectively constructing a map of Canada.

A ‘New’ Coin for New Brunswick

Canadian coins represent important aspects of the Canadian identity. Over the past two decades the Royal Canadian Mint has been creating and producing a number of new designs for the ‘back’ of the Canadian 25-cent coin. Each new coin ‘back’ celebrates an aspect of Canada’s rich and diverse background. This lesson will allow New Brunswick middle school students the opportunity to understand more completely the work of the Royal Canadian Mint. They will be asked to examine some of New Brunswick’s history and culture and to create their own coin design. Students will develop their creativity, research and art skills.

Making Cents: Newfoundland & Labrador and the Royal Canadian Mint

Students will determine the reasons for using currency as the economic basis of today’s world. They will study the techniques of coin manufacturing at The Royal Canadian Mint, as well as terminology used in coinage. They will come to understand why Newfoundland and Labrador occupies a unique position compared to other provinces and territories in relation to currency use. Students will also match important historical events to the introduction of various currencies.

Canada's 10-cent coin: The Bluenose of Nova Scotia

The goal of this lesson is to raise awareness of the Royal Canadian Mint and its relationship to the Canadian 10-cent coin symbol, the ‘Bluenose’. In particular, students will research the historical significance of the original Bluenose sailing vessel and its subsequent replacement, Bluenose II. Students will create a map showing the geographic locations where these two ships sailed.

The Artistry of Coin Design

The lesson will examine various designs of Canadian coinage with a look at various noteworthy designers. Students will be given the opportunity to explore the background of several artists and to propose their own design for a new coin.

Making Coins

This lesson will examine the methods used to make coins at both branches of the Royal Canadian Mint.

Commemorative Canadian Currency

In this lesson, students will become familiar with the Royal Canadian Mint and think critically about Canadian currency and global currency. They will investigate the role and history of the Mint though the Canadian Mint website in the form of an electronic scavenger hunt and class discussion. Students will then investigate the images on Canada’s current coins and bills. They will concentrate on finding the significance or importance of the current images and how they relate to Canada. Finally, they will use their research to make some informed suggestions for the design of new commemorative Canadian currency.

A Coin Commemorating Confederation

In this lesson, students will complete a “Marvellous Mint Facts” Quiz, visit The Royal Canadian Mint’s website, and examine how coins offer a sense of history, culture and identity. Next, students will design a coin to commemorate the upcoming 150th Anniversary of Canadian Confederation in 2017. Topics from Essential Element #2: Places and Regions from the Six Essential Elements presented by the Canadian National Standards for Geography and quotations from the Atlantic Canada Social Studies Curriculum offer students inspiration for their designs.


The task involves making verbal presentations on the collector coins from the Royal Canadian Mint. The objective is to show that the Royal Canadian Mint does not only make our "money", but that it has very diverse products related to the history and geography of Canada. In teams, the students must prepare their collections of coins and present them to a "serious coin collector", represented by the teacher. Each of the selected coins must be accompanied by its history and market value. Students will have a pre-determined budget. The students must also include a photo or representative image.

Celebrate Canada in Coins

The Mint helps to connect Canadian citizens with its own past, present and future by capturing important historical events, contributions of significant citizens and important cultural achievements in coins and medals. Discover the role the Mint plays in helping Canadians, and many nations of the world, capture in symbolic imagery what is important to remember and celebrate.

Representing Canada’s diverse geographic regions on Canadian coins

Students research Canada’s diverse geography and rise to the challenge of designing a series of coins to reflect and celebrate that diversity.

Canada Now and in the Future

Canada’s huge land area, relatively small population, and abundance of natural resources, have allowed Canadians to enjoy a high standard of living for many years, but these factors alone do not ensure that we will be able to continue to enjoy this lifestyle forever. In fact, at least partly because of our low population, many Canadians have become rather careless with our natural resources and adopted a way of life that has been far from sustainable. Fortunately most Canadians now realize this and are starting to change their practices in order to protect our environment and to make more efficient use of our resources. This activity is designed to allow the students to examine the issues regarding the use of Canadian natural resources and to introduce students to the wealth of information found in The Canadian Atlas.

A river runs though the centre of my city

This lesson offers students the opportunity to investigate the impact of Bow and Elbow Rivers on the city of Calgary, focusing on the development of the Calgary Stampede, the impact of development on the watershed and the work being done, such as the development of Riverfront Park, to preserve one of the most important watersheds in the country.

Mapping out the Calgary Stampede

In this activity, students will use the online interactive map to explore the Calgary Stampede. They will compare this map to what they have learned about maps in previous lessons and determine similarities. They will then go on to design a map of an area with which they are familiar.

A timeline of the Calgary Stampede

The Calgary Stampede has a rich and fascinating history. In order to create a visual timeline of the events that shaped the Calgary Stampede, students will use the online interactive map as well as the Calgary Stampede and Canadian Atlas Online websites for research. They will then make comparisons between the timelines they created for the Calgary Stampede and important events that occurred in Canadian history.

Come to the “Greatest Outdoor Show on Earth”!

After discussing different forms of advertising and marketing strategies used to attract visitors to the Calgary Stampede, students will design their own travel brochure promoting the event.

A look at Calgary Stampede’s posters

After looking at some of the many posters that have been created throughout the Calgary Stampede’s history, students will work to create their own poster highlighting the values and traditions of the event that they believe are important to all Canadians.

The economy of the Calgary Stampede

After discussing the difference between for profit and not for profit organizations, as well as the revenue streams associated with the Calgary Stampede, students will work together to develop an event that could be added to the Calgary Stampede in order to attract more guests, and further the goals and values of the Stampede.


Use the Canadian Atlas Online and the AuroraMAX website to complete the 5 W’s (and 1 H) activity below.

Ellesmere Ice Shelf Timeline

Each of the statements in the organizer below describes an important fact about Canada’s Ellesmere Ice Shelf. Use the Canadian Atlas Online thematic, The North from Space, to put the events below in their correct order. Identify the year(s) during which each event occurred.

Arctic Satellites 101

Use information from the Canadian Atlas Online thematic, The North from Space, to describe and explain how each satellite below is used to monitor conditions in Canada’s Arctic region.

Field Guide to Arctic Ice

Use the Canadian Geographic Field Guide to Arctic Ice poster to describe each type of ice listed in the organizer below; classify each type of ice as sea ice (S), land ice (L) or freshwater ice (F); match each type of ice to the corresponding image in the organizer below.

Canada...a visual journey

Students will work in groups to learn about Canada’s six natural regions (ecozones). They will create a visual representation of each region on a large wall map of Canada and present the information gathered to classmates.

Equality in Education

Many children and youth in developing countries face overwhelming challenges to meet their basic needs and receive an education. In some countries, it is even more difficult for girls to receive educational opportunities. In this lesson, students will complete a web quest to learn about how Canada is helping to provide educational opportunities for children in developing countries. Next, they will read and respond to a child’s story from Afghanistan and propose ways that Canadians could help even more.

Analysing Development using the Human Development Index (HDI)

Students will be introduced to a key development indicator, the United Nations Human Development Index (HDI). Using the HDI, students will compare Canada to developing countries and conduct a brief analysis using other development indicators for five nations, one from each of Canada’s focus regions. Students will understand how the HDI has shaped Canada’s aid priorities in the 21st Century.

Celebrating Canadians Who Make a Difference

In this lesson, students will plan a school-wide celebration of Canadians who have made or are making contributions to the global community in international aid or development.

Canada’s Role in International Development around the World

In this lesson, students will conduct research about three different projects that Canada has been involved with around the world.

Natural Disasters in the Developed and Developing World

Students will examine how countries in the developed and developing world respond to natural disasters. Students will study the impact that factors such as existing infrastructure, stable governing system, and international assistance have on a country’s ability to respond in times of natural crisis. They will use the earthquakes in Haiti, Chile and Japan and flooding and hurricanes in Canada as examples. Students will analyse how Canada can be of use to respond to natural disasters in countries that have fewer resources available to them.

CIDA and the Nova Scotia Gambia Association: Working together for Peer Health Education

The goal of the lesson plan is to raise awareness and understanding of the Canadian government’s support for the Nova Scotia Gambia Association (NSGA), located in Halifax. The Nova Scotia Gambia Association uses its well-recognized peer health education model to increase knowledge and awareness amongst youth and communities on topics such as: sexual reproductive health, healthy relationships, leadership skills, the environment and the role that gender plays in health. NSGA works in 75 schools and in each school, 20 students are trained as Peer Health Educators. A total of 1,500 peer educators will be trained across Gambia. Canada has been a long time supporter of many of the NSGA projects. In recent years, Canada has funded similar summer school projects throughout Gambia.

Increasing Environmental Awareness in Indonesia

Canada supports the Integrated Pest Management program in Indonesia. The Economy and Environment Program for Southeast Asia (EEPSEA) has trained local farmers to use various pest control methods to reduce the use of pesticides. This has improved the health of residents and increased the gross domestic product (GDP) of the area. Through a study of a key research paper, students will examine several factors which have led to the success of this program. They will also learn the importance of proper pesticide use.

Canada’s focus on Children and Youth

This lesson will centre around the focus that Canada has placed on securing the future of children and youth in developing countries. Through a research activity and participation in a development fair, students will learn about a wide variety of organizations and programs that actively work to improve the quality of life for children and youth around the world.

CIDA: Where should Canadians help out?

Students will study the geographic areas and sectors where Canadians have contributed foreign aid over the past few years. They will analyze statistics to decide where they think Canada’s foreign aid should be directed in the future.

A Tale of Children in Two Countries: Bolivia and Canada

The lesson begins with a comparison between the standard of living experienced by children in Bolivia with that experienced by children in Canada and then moves on to explore the importance of international assistance. Following a double bar graph assignment in which students illustrate two notable contrasts in the children’s standards of life, a discussion of quotations on the subject of humanitarianism and an introduction to the 0.7% commitment to Official Development Assistance, students create a visual art project (accompanied by persuasive words) intended to inspire humanitarianism.

Water: A precious resource

In this lesson, students will learn about one of Canada’s most important renewable resources; Water. They will use The Canadian Atlas to complete a fact finder exercise about Canada’s water supply. Next, they will map Canada’s ocean drainage basins and complete an organizer to make connections between water supply, physical geography, industry and population.

Ensuring that sustainable development goes hand-in-hand with economic growth!

For too long, economic growth was at the expense of protecting the environment. However, in recent years, Canada has made sustainable economic growth one of its priorities. As Canadian citizens, students contribute to international assistance intended for developing countries. It is therefore important to raise their awareness so they can reflect on preferred courses of action to manage the environment in developing countries.

CIDA Grant Proposal Simulation

Students will gather geographic data and represent a delegation from each of the 20 focus countries that Canada has selected to support with assistance for international development. They will create and present an application for further funding for a worthy development project of their choice for their country. The successful application will be the one that best meets the needs of their people and context, while considering the most efficient and effective cooperating partner agencies already working for sustainable development in the country.

Development Assistance

This lesson provides students with the opportunity to research and learn in groups while discussing, debating and designing their own lesson plans. Students become active learners, completing a series of specific tasks as part of a research team, then demonstrate their individual subject mastery by teaching fellow students what they have learned about one of the nations that receives international development assistance from Canada.

Effects of human modification of the physical environment

As students explore the Canadian Atlas Online thematic Space Age Farming (URL), have them complete the true or false quiz below.

Human modification of the physical environment

Students will explore and read the Canadian Atlas Online thematic ‘Space Age Farming’ (URL). As they read they will write the number of the definition beside the item that it matches on the chart below.

Global effects on human modification of the physical environment

Students will explore the Canadian Atlas Online thematic titled Space Age Agriculture (URL). As they do they will complete the chart below.

High Performance Homes

In this lesson students will explore the differences in home energy use throughout the provinces and territories of Canada. They will discover ways to make homes more efficient by identifying specialized building practices, energyefficient technologies and energy conservation techniques.

Cycle Therapy: Healthy Energy

Looking for ways to reduce your carbon footprint? Bicycles are known as one of the most environmentally-friendly transportation machines ever invented. In this lesson, students will learn about:

  • a brief history of the bicycle;
  • its modern role in reducing environmental impacts; and
  • how to calculate her/his own personal carbon
footprint in the context of considering the benefits of cycling.

Which Hybrid is the Best?

Students will identify and compare different qualities of hybrid vehicles in order to determine which one is the best value in terms of cost, fuel use and impact on the environment.

Oil & Gas in New Brunswick

This lesson is designed to raise student awareness of the Canadian Atlas Online Theme: “Oil and Gas”. Students will strengthen their research, writing, analytical and geographic skills. They will develop a deeper understanding of the correlation between the use of energy and a modern economy.

Connecting Canada: Transportation and Communication in Canada – An Overview

Students will see that technological developments have made Canada smaller in the sense that one can travel or communicate across it in much less time now than at its beginning. As well, they will look at the forms of transportation and communication available in Canada today.

Reducing Transportation Energy Consumption

Students will begin the lesson by exploring the Energy Use in Canada Map, which shows Newfoundland and Labrador as the highest consumer of energy for transportation (kWh/capita used for transit). They will develop ways to lower this level of consumption in an assignment of their choice.

Energy Extraction, Delivery and Use

Students will explore the production, delivery and use of energy in Nova Scotia.

Canadian Provincial/Territorial Energy Profiles

Students will examine Canada’s energy usage through several different means. First, they will explore the ‘per capita’ consumption rates of the different provinces and territories. Next, they will examine statistics related to energy use and draw conclusions about the reasons for rate levels. Finally, students will explore the potential of establishing (or enhancing) renewable energy sources in the province/territory they have chosen to examine.

Sustainable Energy for the North

This lesson investigates the energy options being explored by the government of Nunavut to decrease its dependence on heating oil and diesel fuel (used primarily for the production of electricity). Students will be challenged to explore ways to conserve energy within their communities and personal lives.

Canada: Land of Energy

Students will investigate the regional diversity of Canada’s energy resources. They will identify patterns of locations for both conventional and alternative energy sources. Students will learn about Canada’s vast oil sands deposits; specifically, the process of extraction and bitumen upgrading to create useable crude oil. Connections will be drawn between the growing global population with an emphasis on supply and demand, noting associated economic and environmental issues.

Stewardship, Citizenship and Community Energy Conservation

This lesson is designed to engage students in the concept of stewardship regarding the oil and gas industry. Students will explore Prince Edward Island’s energy footprint from a geographical perspective.

The production, consumption and saving of energy in Canada

Canada is a large country and its energy resources vary by province and territory. After locating the three producing areas in Canada targeted in the program, students will be asked to indicate the main source of energy produced there as well as a method for reducing energy consumption in that area.

Fueling the Debate: Striking a Balance

Students will participate in a simulation as stakeholders in this issue and create a documentary to present facts, opinions and suggestions to the commission.

Canada’s Energy IQ

Students will learn about and discuss the benefits and drawbacks of developing Canada’s main energy sources. Students will work collaboratively to present oral presentations, for which they will prepare by conducting research on one or more of the energy sources. After the presentations, students and teacher will debrief and discuss solutions or strategies.

Performing Arts around the World

Students will compare common performing arts events in Canada with those of different countries

Canada 2050: Future Population Trends

Students are required to analyze population data and a population pyramid projection for Canada. They will then use this analysis as the basis for predictions of future trends in Canadian society and economy. As an extension they will compare the projected characteristics of Canada's population in 2050 with a developing country.

When, where and why?

Students will explore the structure of performing arts events in Canada

CAPACOA – intermediate activity

Students will combine their geographic knowledge on Canada’s landforms with images from famous Canadian artists to encourage attractions throughout all regions of Canada

CAPACOA – senior activity

Students will research creation myths from Canadian aboriginal bands and present them in traditional ways

Fisheries: Wild versus Farmed

Students are introduced to aquaculture in British Columbia and are guided through an activity that allows them to conduct a simple evaluation of salmon aquaculture in B.C.

What is the best way to connect Canada?

Students will begin by predicting which is the best way to connect Canada - by road, rail, waterway, air, or telecommunications and justifying their choice. There is no best way of course. It depends on the destination, mass, value and time sensitive nature of the items or information being moved from one place to another. They will discover this as they use pages 36 and 37 of The Canadian Atlas. They will also compare the mass of materials being moved by the different modes and learn how technology has reduced the time needed to move a letter across the country. Students will recommend which modes should be developed further in light of environmental and economic concerns.

Who are the peoples in your neighbourhood?

Students will create graphic organizers and form conclusions about the cultural regions of Canada’s First Peoples.

The Amazing Race

Students will investigate, debate, and generate different hypotheses about how North America’s First Peoples originally travelled there.

Canada in 2050

Students will paint a general portrait of Canada’s future, keeping in mind issues at play today and in the years to come.

Canada’s Natural Regions and Their Varied Characteristics

Students will study Canada’s six natural regions, with all their underlying human and economic activities. They will discover the economic and human riches of the natural regions and, by so doing, discover those of Canada as a whole. A quiz could be given as an extension to the lesson or as an evaluation tool.

Who We Are To know the characteristics of a population within certain domains

In this lesson students will discover the characteristics of the population of Quebec and compare them to those of Canada.

Early Explorers Web Quest

In this lesson, students will use The Canadian Atlas Online to gather facts about early explorers and settlers in Canada. They will complete a Web Quest to extract information from maps and make generalizations about early settlement patterns in Canada.

Canada’s Landform Regions

In this lesson, students will identify, describe and explain the processes that created Canada’s Landform Regions. They will map the regions and then choose one region for further research. Students will present their research findings in a creative manner to the class.

Model Forests: The Way of the Future

This lesson asks students to consider what good forests should look like both now and in the future throughout Canada. Students will use the Canadian Atlas Online to investigate the new concept of model forests. Through completion of two map sheets and two work sheets and use of the Internet links provided, the class will create a model forest bulletin board collages. These activities match with national geography standards and Specific Curriculum Outcomes (SCOs) for grades seven to nine Social Studies in Nova Scotia.

Ò AS A THA THU?: “Where are you from?”

This lesson will focus on identifying and studying place names of Cape Breton Island as they reflect one of the island’s major ethnic groups, the Gaels. The lesson can be adapted for other regions of Canada such as those named above, or for other ethnic groups on Cape Breton Island and elsewhere in Canada.

Ecotourism and the Five Themes of Geography in the Pacific Maritime and Mountain Region

Students will use the Five Themes of Geography to assess the viability and impact of ecotourism in a specific area of the Pacific Maritime and/or Mountain region of Canada.

Regions of Canada

Canada has six main natural regions that can be identified by their landforms, climate, vegetation, animal life and industry.

Natural Resources of Canada and their Sustainability

Canada’s natural resources are very important to its economy; yet resource industries face many challenges to remain sustainable.

Alternate energy in Canada for 2050

Canadians are rapidly developing alternative forms of energy from those we commonly rely on today. Understanding energy and its forms, where they come from and where they will be needed now and in 2050 are the main elements of this lesson.

Atlantic Canada’s Waterforms: Networks to the Past

Students will understand and appreciate the importance of Canada’s various waterways in their provinces as a road system rooted in the past. They will create a visual representation of each region on a large wall map of Canada and present the information gathered to classmates.

“B” coming an Expert on Glaciers in British Columbia

This lesson will expose and teach students the location of glaciers in British Columbia. Due to the nature of the website (, we will be focusing on glaciers that start with the letter “B”. It will also expose students to identification techniques, terms and maps relating to glaciers in British Columbia.

We are Canadian, eh!

This lesson asks students to explore the various themes of the Canadian Atlas Online website in order to either support or refute the stereotypes of being Canadian.

Origin of Canada’s Physiographic Regions

This lesson examines the nature of Canada’s physiographic regions and their geological origin. This is an introductory lesson that could be further developed into a more in-depth understanding of rock structures and mineral resources or link to a closer understanding of Canada’s early settlement pattern.

The Impact of Climate Change on the Arctic: Positive or Negative?

After watching the television program L’Arctique, on the French-language CBC program 5/5 in February 2007, (available on the Société Radio-Canada Internet site), students will be asked to defend their opinion about the effects of climate change on the Canadian Arctic. They will have to draw the Northwest Passage on a map, locate the various Canadian cities and other locations mentioned in the program on a blank map, and obtain background information about the impact of climate warming on the Arctic by consulting the Canadian Atlas online. This research will provide them with the information they need to develop their opinions and explain to the class their hypotheses on the effects of climate warming on the people, land and trade in this part of Canada. This will be followed by a debate about whether warming will have a positive or negative impact on the region.

Climate change: How it impacts Canadians and what we can do to slow it down

This lesson takes stock of how climate change has already affected Canadians in geographic, economic, and cultural terms. It asks pertinent questions about what can be done to change human behaviour to reduce climate change by focussing on selected problems and solutions.

We're Pining like Wildfire for a Solution!

This middle school lesson will give a brief overview of the destructive nature of Forest Fires and the Mountain Pine Beetle epidemic in the province of British Columbia. At completion of this lesson, students will have a good comparison of similarities and differences of Forest Fires and the Mountain Pine Beetle, and the implications on the province of British Columbia.

The Arctic and Taiga Ecozone of Canada

Students explore the various sub regions of the Arctic and Taiga ecozone, identifying specific physical and human characteristics of each.

New Brunswick's Rising Sea Levels - Raising Awareness

In this introductory lesson, students begin to consider the many and varied impacts of climate change on the coastline of New Brunswick. Working in pairs, they create a concept map to illustrate the effects of rising sea levels.

Climate Change: Why Worry?

Students will explore the meaning of Climate Change, with an emphasis on the impact expected on future human life, the adaptations which will be required, and our responsibility to change our behaviour to slow the process, in the context of Canada's regions.

EcOlympics - Global Warming and the Winter Olympics

The lesson uses the Winter Olympics to focus student attention on the issue of climate change – global warming: causes, effects, and what actions individuals can take to reduce their impact.

Prairie Expansion: Climate Change, the Changing landscape, and the Human Impact

In this activity the students will explore the issue of climate change on the Prairie in western Canada. They will assess the resultant changes this change is having (and will have in the future) on the both the physicial and economic landscape of the Prairie.

Climate Change Jigsaw

In this lesson students will conduct research about the impact of climate change for a region of Canada and share the information gathered in a jigsaw exercise. They will discuss and debate which region of Canada is at greatest risk from climate change.

Analysis of the impacts of a Natural Hazard on a Canadian City: a newspaper article

This lesson leads students to become aware of natural hazards and their potential impact on people and infrastructure. It shows the connection between preventing and preparing for natural hazards, and economic development.

The Saint John River Gazette

This lesson asks students to research different aspects of the Saint John River and, as a class project, to present the research in the form of a newspaper.

The Northern Transportation Company - Shipping Goods on the Mackenzie River

In this activity the students will look at the importance of the Mackenzie River as a vital shipping route for the people of the Arctic. The students will read an overview of the topic with a focus on the Native-operated Northern Transportation Company, evaluate the value of the Mackenzie River, and map several communities in the region.

Alexander Mackenzie and the Mackenzie River: Replete with Superlatives

In this activity the students will explore the superlatives associated with Alexander Mackenzie’s journey of 1789 and the Mackenzie River itself. They will map the route that Mackenzie took from Fort Chipewyan to the Arctic Ocean.

The Mighty Mackenzie River

The lesson introduces students to a basic understanding of rivers and river terminology. Further it explores the ecological, environmental, economic and cultural importance of the Mackenzie River basin and discusses current and possible threats to this region.

The Harvesting Cycle: The Cycle of the Seasons in the Far North

Students interpret a Harvesting Cycle wheel and then construct one for their own community, by discussing the changing local conditions in weather and wildlife availability.

East Helps West: The Drought of 2001-2002 and ‘Hay West’

In this activity the students will explore the drought on the Prairies during 2001-2002 and its serious consequences for Prairie farmers; they will look at the resultant ‘Hay West’ aid campaign and assess the relationship among climate change, severe weather happenings, and human activity.

Global Warming in Regions of Canada

Using the Canadian Atlas Online, students will learn about the potential impacts of global warming in the North, British Columbia, the Prairies, Ontario and Quebec, and the Atlantic Provinces.

The St. Lawrence River

Introduction to the St. Lawrence River and the St. Lawrence River Beluga Whales.

Great Lakes - St. Lawrence Seaway: Gateway to the World

Students will examine the Great Lakes - St. Lawrence Seaway to determine its location and the significance to Canadian industry, commerce and trade.

The St. Lawrence River

The St. Lawrence River has played an important role in settlement and economic life throughout Canada’s history. It must be protected from the pollution resulting from development along the river.

The Effects of Climate Change in Canadian Regions

Global warming will affect every region in Canada, though there can be differences in how the people of each region will be affected.

Devils Lake Diversion: A Dilemma

In this activity the students will look at the Devils Lake water diversion issue which involves Manitoba and the U.S. state of North Dakota. The students will read an overview of the issue, assess the issue, look at differing perspectives, and evaluate the economic value of the Red River, Lake Winnipeg, and tributaries.

The River Lot Farms of the Red River

In this activity the students will look at the role of the Red River in the settlement patterns and system of landholding that the Metis established in the mid-1800’s and the legacy of this system on the street layout in Winnipeg today.

Five Facts about the Fraser

Students will use the Five Themes of Geography to gather factual information about the Fraser River and compile it as a class. They will use the facts to support their opinions in a writing or discussion exercise at the end of the lesson.

The Fraser River’s Journey

This lesson will give a brief overview of the route, life, history and pollution issues facing the Fraser River. At completion of this lesson students will have a pictorial map of the Fraser River, while Grade One students will only have pictures on their map, Grade Fives should have pictures labeled.

Oak Ridges Moraine: Southern Ontario's Sponge

Students will examine the location and the importance of the Oak Ridges Moraine and investigate ongoing conflicts concerning its development.

Matching Images - Classroom activity

Write the letter of the image beside the description that matches it.

Word Scramble - Classroom activity

Read the Canada From Space section of the Canadian Atlas Online ( and complete the word scramble below.

Satellite Quiz - Classroom activity

Read about satellite technology in the Canada from Space section of the Canadian Atlas Online ( Complete the True or False quiz below. If the answer is false, write down the correct answer in the space provided.

Scavenger Hunt - Classroom activity

Read about the applications of satellite technology in the Canada from Space section of the Canadian Atlas Online. Find the missing information and fill in the blank spaces below.

Satellite Scrapbook - Classroom activity

Interpret information from satellite-produced images.

Organizer - Classroom activity

Expanding locational technology (remote sensing)

Simulation - Classroom activity

Expanding locational technology (remote sensing)

Timeline - Classroom activity

Expanding locational technology (remote sensing)

A River through Time: The St. Lawrence

Students are given a t-chart where they will have to compare and contrast how the St. Lawrence River has been utilized over time. Students will take note of how the different historical figures have used the St. Lawrence River as a major route of transportation. In addition, students will list what was traded and transported from the time of Jacques Cartier to present day. Students will be encouraged to read and interpret maps of the St. Lawrence River and Seaway in order to understand its economic development and environmental impact since its creation.

Selling the Seaway

In this lesson, students will create a simple advertisement to market the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Seaway to potential customers. They will use the Canadian Atlas Online to conduct research about the economic, environmental and social benefits of the Seaway.

Mixedwood Plains Ecozone: Too Popular?

Students will research and characterize location factors that have led to the high level of urban and industrial development in the Mixedwood Plains. As an extension, they can offer strategies that will reduce or eliminate low-density urban sprawl as populations continue to rise.

Seaway Diorama

In this lesson, students will create a diorama of the St. Lawrence Seaway system and explain how locks work.

Journey into the Heart of a Continent

Students will examine the Great Lakes - St. Lawrence Seaway as a unique water highway to and from the heartland of the North American continent. Students will become familiar with its historical development, as well as its current impact upon the various ports along its route. They will develop an appreciation of the role of the Seaway in the evolution of global trade patterns. Students will also gain knowledge about the use of technology in maintaining safety along the waterway.

Under the St. Lawrence Seaway: A Webquest

In this lesson, students will, by identifying and researching the varying depths of water in St. Lawrence Seaway-Great Lakes System, understand the concept of bathymetry and how it influences construction for navigation and the facilitation of it.

Getting to Know the Seaway: A Project Based Lesson

In this lesson, students will work in groups to bring together an overview of the St. Lawrence Seaway. Upon completion of individual projects, groups will convene and present their findings to their classmates and other interested parties.

Unlocking the St. Lawrence Seaway: A Lesson on Integers

Students are introduced to the concept of integers using the different canal sections of the St. Lawrence Seaway. As each vessel goes through a section of the canal, the water level either rises or decreases. Students will be encouraged to use numbers to describe this process. In addition, students will be challenged to demonstrate an understanding of and apply arithmetic operations on integers.

Driving to Baffin Island? Not so fast...

In this lesson, students will trace the route of a car being shipped from Valleyfield, Quebec to Iqaluit, Nunavut. An emphasis will be placed on the St. Lawrence Seaway.

Detour on Highway H2O

In this lesson, students will describe and explain how shipping traffic “detours” through the Welland Canal in order to bypass Niagara Falls.

Canada’s Natural Highway

Trade is the lifeblood of any nation, province or region whether it is local, within your province, between provinces or global trade with other companies from around the world. Our every day lives as Canadians are intertwined with the trade that occurs at our nation’s ports and what moves up and down the St. Lawrence Seaway. The questions that need to be answered are: How much trade comes into Canada via the Seaway and where does it come from? How much trade goes out of Canada via the Seaway and where does it go? How is it possible for this to happen given the challenges of the physical geography of Canada? Students will do online research, complete graphic organizers and create a map to answer the above questions.

The Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Seaway: Gateway to Canada's Industrial Heartland

The lesson is based on the strategic education structure or a learning and assessment situation (LAS) as proposed by the Quebec geography curriculum.

Shipping Grain from Saskatchewan to the Atlantic

In this lesson, students will learn about the significant role the St. Lawrence Seaway plays in transporting goods from western Canada to the east coast of North America and beyond. They will compare and contrast several of the environmental advantages to using shipping as compared to other modes of transportation, namely via truck and rail.

The Natural Regions of Quebec: From North to South...Quebec’s Forest Regions

Using an atlas, students will explore the various forest regions of Quebec and identify the types of vegetation in each of Quebec’s ecozones.

Seaway Spy

In this lesson, students will to learn the basics about the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Seaway System and the ships that use it by playing a game of “Seaway Spy”. They will use an online resource to find the information required to complete the game.

Wind and the Forging of Canadian Identity

“How has the experience of wind affected our sense of place as Canadians? What role does wind play in the formation of our national, regional, and spiritual identities?” This lesson is primarily teacher-led and proceeds through the investigation of Canadian art, literature, maps and music. Student inquiry may begin with a class discussion about what makes them who they are as Canadians, as Albertans, and as residents of their city, town, or municipality. What formative experiences do they have that give them a sense of who they are as individuals? What role does geography play in the formation of identity? In particular, what role does Canadian geography (i.e., land, water, and wind) play in the forging of our identities as Canadians? How might our modern experiences of nature differ from those of early Canadians? How might the manner of our experience of the natural world affect our dispositions and attitudes towards it? Teachers ought to lead students in an investigation of how our experiences of the land

Wind Storms, Desertification and the Canadian Dry Belt

“What role does wind play in the progress of desertification in Canada as well as globally?” This one or two period lesson is devoted to the investigation of windstorms in the history of the Canadian prairies, how the threat of desertification may affect the future of the Canadian west, and how this threat may loom as part of a larger trend in global climactic changes. Student understanding during this inquiry may be gauged by means of group presentations and/or position papers based upon the suggested readings.

Wind and Weather Forecasting

There is a lot of potential in wind power as a source of energy for human purposes. Some areas have more wind than others, however, and the wind can vary in consistency and reliability. It is helpful to be able to predict what the wind will do in your area: which direction it will come from and how strong it will be. It is also useful to have an idea about the accuracy of the forecast data. This lesson increases students’ knowledge of how to access wind and weather forecasting information, and how to evaluate the accuracy of the data.

The benefits and challenges of wind energy

In this lesson, students will evaluate the potential of wind energy in terms of its benefits and challenges. Students will use critical thinking skills to consider the pros and cons of wind energy and appraise it as a renewable energy source.

Where there’s a wind, there’s a way!

The lesson investigates geographic features and natural resources in Manitoba with a demonstration of wind energy production and the production of pamphlet regarding its use.

The Wind Beneath Your Wings: A Debate

The lesson investigates the affects of installing wind turbines for the production of electricity and the resulting impact on both the environment and society by engaging the students in a debate.

Harnessing Wind Energy at Kent Hills, New Brunswick

Students will understand the workings of a wind turbine. They will also understand the phrases and definitions associated with accessing and harvesting wind energy.

Small Wind Energy: Is it one of the green solutions for rural Canada?

In this lesson, students will have an opportunity to learn about an alternative way of supplying energy to rural Canadian homes. The students will use several sites to locate information that will allow them to compare small wind energy as an alternative way to heating and lighting homes.

Wind at my back! Wind Turbines in Newfoundland

In this lesson, students will learn about the importance of wind as a renewable energy source by exploring their surrounding area, and through this exploration gain an appreciation for its distinctiveness.