American President James Madison signed a declaration of war against Great Britain on June 18, 1812. What would later become known as the War of 1812 was the boiling point of mounting tensions between Great Britain and the United States, whose growing trade with Europe was being threatened by the actions and regulations of the British at their ports. In a military sense, the War of 1812 was inconclusive, but in a political sense, its repercussions last until this day.

Featured lesson plan: Soil-Vegetation Connections in the Boreal Forest

The boreal forest is identified as being a key ecosystem which contributes much to the world and Canada. Understanding its formation, role, fragility, resources, and maintenance will enable the nurturing of sound sustainable practices. This lesson involves two components. First, students will observe and measure a soil profile in the field. Next, they will analyze and interpret the profiles in the classroom. This process will enable students to make connections between soils and forest cover.